Archive for the ‘Watershed Protection’ Category

Supreme Court to Hear Peel Case

Thursday, June 9th, 2016

Today, great news from CPAWS-Yukon:

“Months of waiting were put to an end today when the Supreme Court of Canada announced that our leave to appeal has been granted and the Peel Watershed case will be heard. The decision to hear our case in Canada’s highest court confirms that the future of the Peel is of national importance and that the November 2015 ruling of the Court of Appeal to roll back the clock on the land use planning process requires a second look.”

“Chris Rider, Executive Director of CPAWS Yukon, stated: “The Supreme Court of Canada’s decision to hear this case shows that it recognizes the value of the Peel Watershed. It is a treasure of international significance and it deserves protection. Beyond this, the final ruling will set a precedent for all future land use planning in the Yukon.”

“Thomas R. Berger will be representing our case to the Supreme Court, arguing that the Yukon Court of Appeal’s ruling was a mistake in the interpretation of the Final Agreements and that the original judgment from Justice Ron Veale should be reinstated. Justice Veale had decreed that the planning process be sent back to the final stage, which would have prevented the Yukon Government from adopting its closed-door plan – one that would open up 71% of the Peel to development. While the Court of Appeal partially upheld Veale’s judgment, it directed the process to re-start from 2010, providing an opening for the government to significantly reduce the level of protection from the 80% recommended by the Planning Commission.”

“The Supreme Court has yet to announce when the case will be heard, but it is likely to be in 2017.”

“In tandem with the announcement, today we are launching the Peel Pledge, a way for Yukoners and all Canadians to stand with First Nations and environmental groups and show their support for Peel protection.”

Take the Peel Pledge at www.protectpeel.ca.

See also the related story in the Yukon News

 

Take Action to Protect the Peel Watershed

For the latest news, action alerts and background information on the campaign to protect the Yukon’s 68,000 km2 Peel Watershed, visit: www.protectpeel.ca  Protectpeel is loaded with images, video and the stories behind the conservation campaign. Find out what you need to know, and what you can do, to support Canada’s largest proposed protected area.

Wild Rivers of the Yukon’s Peel Watershed: A Traveller’s Guide

… is your complete source for planning a trip to the Yukon’s vast north-eastern wilderness – and learning more about the natural and cultural history of this inspiring landscape. Published in 2008 by Juri Peepre and Sarah Locke, the book is available from bookstores (Mac’s Fireweed in Whitehorse (online: www.yukonbooks.com ),  Mountain Equipment Co-op (Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto).

Wild Rivers is an essential companion to help you navigate all of the Three Rivers country (the Wind, Snake and Bonnet Plume), as well as the Peel, Hart, Ogilvie, Blackstone and Rat rivers. This well illustrated field reference will be a welcome gift for your friends or family who are thinking about a future northern canoeing or hiking trip. Full of wonderful stories and information, it’s a must-have campfire companion.

The book features detailed river descriptions, maps, landscape and historic photos, tips on river travel in the Peel region, and engaging descriptions of the flora, fauna, geology, human history and conservation story. For more information, see About Our Book.

Supreme Court Response Expected Soon

Monday, June 6th, 2016

 

From www.protectpeel.ca, December, 2015

“On August 20 and 21, 2015 the Peel court case was heard at the Yukon Court of Appeal in Whitehorse. At this hearing, the Yukon Government argued that the Yukon Supreme Court ruling by Justice Ronald Veale be dismissed. The respondents (the First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun, Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in, Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation, CPAWS Yukon and YCS), supported through an intervention by the Gwich’in Tribal Council, defended against this appeal and argued that Justice Veale’s ruling be upheld.

On November 4, 2015 the Yukon Court of Appeal judgement was released. This ruling agreed that Yukon Government failed to honour its treaty obligations, that planning provisions in the Umbrella Final Agreement are binding on government, and that the government’s plan for the Peel Watershed is quashed. However, the remedy dictated by the Court of Appeal sends the matter back to an earlier stage in the process, which may allow government to modify the plan to increase access and development in the watershed.

On December 15, Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in, First Nation of Na-Cho Nyak Dun, Vuntut Gwitchin First Nations, CPAWS-Yukon and YCS announced they are seeking leave to appeal this ruling to the Supreme Court of Canada. ”

 

Take Action to Protect the Peel Watershed

For the latest news, action alerts and background information on the campaign to protect the Yukon’s 68,000 km2 Peel Watershed, visit: www.protectpeel.ca  Protectpeel is loaded with images, video and the stories behind the conservation campaign. Find out what you need to know, and what you can do, to support Canada’s largest proposed protected area.

Wild Rivers of the Yukon’s Peel Watershed: A Traveller’s Guide

… is your complete source for planning a trip to the Yukon’s vast north-eastern wilderness – and learning more about the natural and cultural history of this inspiring landscape. Published in 2008 by Juri Peepre and Sarah Locke, the book is available from bookstores (Mac’s Fireweed in Whitehorse (online: www.yukonbooks.com ),  Mountain Equipment Co-op (Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto).

Wild Rivers is an essential companion to help you navigate all of the Three Rivers country (the Wind, Snake and Bonnet Plume), as well as the Peel, Hart, Ogilvie, Blackstone and Rat rivers. This well illustrated field reference will be a welcome gift for your friends or family who are thinking about a future northern canoeing or hiking trip. Full of wonderful stories and information, it’s a must-have campfire companion.

The book features detailed river descriptions, maps, landscape and historic photos, tips on river travel in the Peel region, and engaging descriptions of the flora, fauna, geology, human history and conservation story. For more information, see About Our Book posted in the right margin.

Peel Court Case Appeal to be Heard in August

Thursday, May 28th, 2015

Excerpt from Yukon News, by Jacqueline Ronson Wednesday May 27, 2015

“The Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation has joined the Tr’ondek Hwech’in, the First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun and conservation groups in their legal battle with the Yukon government over the fate of the Peel watershed.

Yukon Supreme Court Justice Ron Veale struck down the Yukon government’s plan for the Peel after a court case last summer, ruling that it did not follow the process outlined in final agreements with First Nations.

The Yukon government is now appealing that decision. The case will be heard in August.

Vuntut Gwitchin joined the other First Nations as respondents in the appeal after a court hearing on Monday.”

“Our government has concerns regarding Yukon’s conduct during the later stages of the Peel planning process. We will continue to be vigilant to protect the integrity of our final and self-government agreements, including the regional land use planning provisions.”

“Such a ruling could inadvertently and unnecessarily thwart potential further legal action in the case, he said. The Yukon Land Use Planning Council also applied to act as an intervenor in the appeal.

Both the Yukon government and the respondents opposed the motion. The judge said he will make a decision on the issue in the coming weeks. The planning council could not be reached for comment by press time.”

For the full story:

http://www.yukon-news.com/news/vuntut-gwitchin-join-peel-appeal/

 

Take Action to Protect the Peel Watershed

For the latest news, action alerts and background information on the campaign to protect the Yukon’s 68,000 km2 Peel Watershed, visit: www.protectpeel.ca  Protectpeel is loaded with images, video and the stories behind the conservation campaign. Find out what you need to know, and what you can do, to support Canada’s largest proposed protected area.

Wild Rivers of the Yukon’s Peel Watershed: A Traveller’s Guide

… is your complete source for planning a trip to the Yukon’s vast north-eastern wilderness – and learning more about the natural and cultural history of this inspiring landscape. Published in 2008 by Juri Peepre and Sarah Locke, the book is available from bookstores (Mac’s Fireweed in Whitehorse,  Mountain Equipment Co-op (Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto), and on-line from www.yukonbooks.com.

Wild Rivers is an essential companion to help you navigate the Three Rivers country (the Wind, Snake and Bonnet Plume), as well as the Peel, Hart, Ogilvie, Blackstone and Rat rivers. This well illustrated field reference will be a welcome gift for your friends or family who are thinking about a future northern canoeing or hiking trip.

The book features detailed river descriptions, maps, landscape and historic photos, tips on river travel in the Peel region, and engaging descriptions of the flora, fauna, geology, human history and conservation story. For more information, see About Our Book posted in the right margin.

Peel Court Case Underway This Week

Sunday, July 6th, 2014

 “A coalition of the First Nation of Na Cho Nyak Dun, Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in, Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) Yukon Chapter, and the Yukon Conservation Society will take the Yukon Government to court to defend the Peel Watershed, represented by Thomas R. Berger, O.C, Q.C.”

Also according to the ProtectPeel website post, “Berger and his clients have launched this legal action to force the Yukon Government to implement a Land Use Plan that would protect 54,000 square kilometers of wilderness in the Peel River Watershed from mining and other industrial development.”

To learn more about the court case, which will run July 7-11th, or read the blog, link to:

http://us8.campaign-archive1.com/?u=0a50c4c11ca033ca3407f37d8&id=1946c7b79a&e=86ab9fa620

For background and legal opinion on the court case, see the Yukon News at:

http://www.yukon-news.com/news/peel-protection-legally-sound-berger/

 

Take Action to Protect the Peel Watershed

For the latest news, action alerts and background information on the campaign to protect the Yukon’s 68,000 km2 Peel Watershed, visit: www.protectpeel.ca Protectpeel is loaded with images, video and the stories behind the conservation campaign. Find out what you need to know, and what you can do, to support Canada’s largest proposed protected area.

 

Wild Rivers of the Yukon’s Peel Watershed: A Traveller’s Guide

… is your complete source for planning a trip to the Yukon’s vast north-eastern wilderness – and learning more about the natural and cultural history of this inspiring landscape. Published in 2008 by Juri Peepre and Sarah Locke, the book is available from bookstores (Mac’s Fireweed in Whitehorse, Interior Books in Smithers), Mountain Equipment Co-op (Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto), and on-line from www.yukonbooks.com.

Wild Rivers is an essential companion to help you navigate the Three Rivers country (the Wind, Snake and Bonnet Plume), as well as the Peel, Hart, Ogilvie, Blackstone and Rat rivers. This well illustrated field reference will be a welcome gift for your friends or family who are thinking about a future northern canoeing or hiking trip.

The book features detailed river descriptions, maps, landscape and historic photos, tips on river travel in the Peel region, and engaging descriptions of the flora, fauna, geology, human history and conservation story. For more information, see About Our Book posted in the right margin.

 

Contact Us

To order the book directly from the authors, send a cheque or money order payable to Juri Peepre, 1575 Windermere Loop Road, Windermere, BC, V0B 2L2. Price: $24.95 + $1.19 GST + Shipping = $32.00 CDN. For US orders, please add $3.00 for additional shipping costs, for a total of $35.00 US. For more information, contact jpeepreatyahoodotca, or post your comment or question in this blog.

Peel Watershed Plan Released

Tuesday, January 28th, 2014

First Nations & Conservationists Launch Lawsuit

The Peel Watershed Recommended Plan, based on years of research and consultations, called for protecting 80% of the Peel Watershed.  The Yukon Government rejected the Plan, with a unilateral decision to open 71% of the watershed to development.

“The Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in, Na-Cho Nyak Dun, and Gwich’in Tribal Council are extremely disappointed by the Government of Yukon’s decision to scrap the Peel Watershed Planning Commission’s Final Recommended Plan. “This is a sad day for all Yukon First Nations and all Yukoners,” said Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in Chief Eddie Taylor. “We had hoped that at the end of the day the Government of Yukon would do the right thing and accept the Final Recommended Plan.” Read more at:  http://protectpeel.ca/

Canadian Press

http://o.canada.com/news/yukon-government-sued-for-opening-peel-watershed-to-development/

Yukon News:

http://yukon-news.com/news/peel-lawsuit-to-be-filed-today/

Read the Peel Watershed land use plan released by the Yukon Government

http://www.emr.gov.yk.ca/lands/peel_watershed.html

 

"Endangered" Haruko Okano, 2004. Three rivers: wild waters, sacred places exhibition. Photo: Cathie Archbould

“Endangered” Haruko Okano, 2004. Three rivers: wild waters, sacred places exhibition.
Photo: Cathie Archbould

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Early Days in Campaign to Protect Peel Watershed

Saturday, January 11th, 2014

When I walked into a small Vancouver courtroom in 1992, the odds did not look good for the Bonnet Plume River. Facing the judge, a battery of stern-faced lawyers was ready to make the case for the federal government and the company that wanted to develop a mine beside the river.

Our legal team consisted of one lawyer, Stewart Elgie, with the Sierra Legal Defence Fund. He told me that our group, the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society, had a 50-50 chance of winning this particular fight. The case revolved around a 60-kilometre long winter road that had been bulldozed in to a large block of mining claims on the Bonnet Plume River. We had challenged the federal government’s environmental review of the project.

The Bonnet Plume was soon to be honoured as a Canadian Heritage River, thanks in large measure to the efforts of the Nacho Nyak Dun in their land claims negotiations, so at least some people out there thought this river was special. Yet the future of its clear waters and free-ranging caribou would be decided in a courtroom 2,500 kilometres away from this remote northern valley. Surely, I thought, we can’t delegate judgment on thousands of years of biological evolution and the destiny of a wild mountain river to a legal game of chance.

I had journeyed down many remote rivers before canoeing the Bonnet Plume in the summer of 1988, but I had never before experienced a watershed like this one. The aquamarine Bonnet Plume, with its sister rivers the Wind and Snake, carried in their crystal waters all the fascination of the Yukon wilderness. The space, infinite light, the escape from time itself, the never-ending gnarled and saw-toothed mountains, opened a new window on the meaning of wild.

Looking back now, I can see how that two-week journey changed my life. Growing up in a quiet town on the edge of the woods, I had always felt a kinship with nature, but here –on the Bonnet Plume — I realized that without help, extraordinary places like these would soon disappear, even in the Yukon.

In the early 1990s, when prospectors for Westmin Mining Corporation, exploring for copper, staked the flanks of the Bonnet Plume valley, they did so with the historic privileges afforded by the Yukon’s free-entry mining law, which grants powerful rights to those who first lay claim to the land. They knew they could knock down trees, bulldoze roads, dynamite, and utterly transform the land on their claims away from public scrutiny.

We wanted to take a closer look at Westmin’s operation and a generous local pilot donated the use of his two-seater Piper Cub. Soon I was up in the air, photographing the flattened spruce trees along the winter road leading to the airstrip and new mining camp. One corporation was on the verge of setting the direction for the Bonnet Plume valley. After seeing this giant scar on the landscape, I knew we could not accept surrendering this wild river to a money play in the southern penny market.  If this northern wilderness was to be diminished, where would we draw the next boundary for nature? It was time to confront the belief that mining exploration was exempt from environmental safeguards, and the only place we could do that was in the courts.

We lost that case on the weight of legal minutia, but we won an important point. The judge conceded the federal government was obliged to consider how mining could affect a Canadian Heritage River. Twelve years later, the airstrip, drill pads, and mining camp were long since abandoned — another legacy of the Yukon’s archaic frontier mining laws. The company found less copper than anticipated and metal prices dropped, so they packed up and left.  The company’s promised jobs and bright future for the Village of Mayo evaporated as quickly as the claims had been posted. For its part, the federal government realized its antiquated mining regulations, allowing for extensive exploration work without any environmental review, were no longer tenable. It dusted off long-awaited rules to improve the way mining companies carry out exploration work in the Yukon.

by Juri Peepre, excerpt from “Wild waters, sacred places” in Three Rivers: The Yukon’s Great Boreal Wilderness. Harbour Publishing, 2005.

 

Government Releases Peel Consultation Results

Wednesday, April 10th, 2013

The Yukon Government has released partial results from the extended public review of the proposed Peel watershed land use plan. This latest consultation wrapped up on February 25, after years of work by the Peel Watershed Land Use Planning Commission. After the widely supported recommended plan was set aside, the Yukon government released its own options for resource development and limited protection in the region.

All of the government’s land use options, developed behind closed doors, ignore the basic principles of conservation embodied in the Recommended Plan The results of the latest public review show continuing strong support for the original recommended plan as prepared by the Planning Commission—a proposal which would protect 80% of the Peel watershed.

 

To see the Yukon government’s media release and Yukon News coverage go to:

http://www.gov.yk.ca/news/13-077.html

http://www.yukon-news.com/news/32958/

To view the recommended plan and the Yukon government proposal:

http://www.peelconsultation.ca/

 

Take Action

For the latest news, action alerts and background information on the campaign to protect the Yukon’s 68,000 km2 Peel Watershed, visit: www.protectpeel.ca  Protectpeel is loaded with images, video and the stories behind the conservation campaign. Find out what you need to know, and what you can do, to support Canada’s largest proposed protected area.

 

Wild Rivers of the Yukon’s Peel Watershed: A Traveller’s Guide

… is your complete source for planning a trip to the Yukon’s vast north-eastern wilderness – and learning more about the natural and cultural history of this inspiring landscape. Published in 2008 by Juri Peepre and Sarah Locke, the book is available from bookstores (Mac’s Fireweed in Whitehorse, Interior Books in Smithers), Mountain Equipment Co-op (Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto), and on-line from www.yukonbooks.com.

Wild Rivers is an essential companion to help you navigate the Three Rivers country (the Wind, Snake and Bonnet Plume), as well as the Peel, Hart, Ogilvie, Blackstone and Rat rivers. This well illustrated field reference will be a welcome gift for your friends or family who are thinking about a future northern canoeing or hiking trip. The book features detailed river descriptions, maps, landscape and historic photos, tips on river travel in the Peel region, and engaging descriptions of the flora, fauna, geology, human history and conservation story. For more information, see About Our Book posted in the right margin.

 

Contact Us

To order the book directly from the authors, send a cheque or money order payable to Juri Peepre, 1575 Windermere Loop Road, Windermere, BC, V0B 2L2. Price: $24.95 + $1.19 GST + Shipping = $32.00 CDN. For US orders, please add $3.00 for additional shipping costs, for a total of $35.00 US. For more information, contact jpeepreatyahoodotca, or post your comment or question in this blog.

Yukon Government Reveals Peel Scheme

Wednesday, October 24th, 2012

 

After setting aside the Final Recommended Plan prepared by the Peel Watershed Planning Commission, the Yukon government has released its own options for resource development and limited protection in the region. All of the government’s land use options, developed behind closed doors, ignore the basic principles of conservation embodied in the Recommended Plan. Instead the Yukon government wants to allow extensive roads, mining and oil and gas development in the ecological heart of the Peel watershed —going against the wishes of the Yukon public, First Nations, and tourism industry. The Yukon Party government appears willing to consider full protection in a few disjointed areas around the fringes of the Peel watershed, but not the core areas of the Wind and Bonnet Plume rivers.

The public review period for the Yukon government proposal ends on February 25, 2013.

 

To view the Yukon government proposal and send in your comments:
http://www.peelconsultation.ca/

To see the Yukon government’s media release and media coverage:
http://www.yukon-news.com/news/30746/
http://www.gov.yk.ca/news/12-197.html
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/story/2012/10/23/north-yukon-peel-watershed.html

Take Action
For the latest news, action alerts and background information on the campaign to protect the Yukon’s 68,000 km2 Peel Watershed, visit: www.protectpeel.ca Protectpeel is loaded with images, video and the stories behind the conservation campaign. Find out what you need to know, and what you can do, to support Canada’s largest proposed protected area.

Wild Rivers of the Yukon’s Peel Watershed: A Traveller’s Guide
… is your complete source for planning a trip to the Yukon’s vast north-eastern wilderness – and learning more about the natural and cultural history of this inspiring landscape. Published in 2008 by Juri Peepre and Sarah Locke, the book is available from Yukon outdoor and bookstores (Mac’s Fireweed), Mountain Equipment Co-op (Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto), and on-line from www.yukonbooks.com.
Wild Rivers is an essential companion to help you navigate the Three Rivers country (the Wind, Snake and Bonnet Plume), as well as the Peel, Hart, Ogilvie, Blackstone and Rat rivers. This well illustrated field reference will be a welcome gift for your friends or family who are thinking about a future northern canoeing or hiking trip.

The book features detailed river descriptions, maps, landscape and historic photos, tips on river travel in the Peel region, and engaging descriptions of the flora, fauna, geology, human history and conservation story. For more information, see About Our Book posted in the right margin.

Contact Us
To order the book directly from the authors, send a cheque or money order payable to Juri Peepre, 1575 Windermere Loop Road, Windermere, BC, V0B 2L2. Price: $24.95 + $1.19 GST + Shipping = $32.00 CDN. For US orders, please add $3.00 for additional shipping costs, for a total of $35.00 US. For more information, contact jpeepreatyahoodotca, or post your comment or question in this blog.

Snake River Featured in New York Times

Friday, August 24th, 2012

Alex Hutchinson features the Peel watershed’s Snake River in The New York Times, August 23, 2012. Read the story and check out his photos at:

Far, Maybe Too Far, into the Yukon

Take Action

For the latest news, action alerts and background information on the campaign to protect the Yukon’s 68,000 km2 Peel Watershed, visit: www.protectpeel.ca Protectpeel is loaded with images, video and the stories behind the conservation campaign. Find out what you need to know, and what you can do, to support Canada’s largest proposed protected area.

Wild Rivers of the Yukon’s Peel Watershed: A Traveller’s Guide

… is your complete source for planning a trip to the Yukon’s vast north-eastern wilderness – and learning more about the natural and cultural history of this inspiring landscape. Published in 2008 by Juri Peepre and Sarah Locke, the book is available from Yukon outdoor and bookstores (Mac’s Fireweed), Mountain Equipment Co-op (Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto), and on-line from www.yukonbooks.com.

Wild Rivers is an essential companion to help you navigate the Three Rivers country (the Wind, Snake and Bonnet Plume), as well as the Peel, Hart, Ogilvie, Blackstone and Rat rivers. This well illustrated field reference will be a welcome gift for your friends or family who are thinking about a future northern canoeing or hiking trip.

The book features detailed river descriptions, maps, landscape and historic photos, tips on river travel in the Peel region, and engaging descriptions of the flora, fauna, geology, human history and conservation story. For more information, see About Our Book posted in the right margin.

Contact Us

To order the book directly from the authors, send a cheque or money order payable to Juri Peepre, 1575 Windermere Loop Road, Windermere, BC, V0B 2L2. Price: $24.95 + $1.19 GST + Shipping = $32.00 CDN. For more information, contact jpeepreatyahoodotca, or post your comment or question in this blog.

First Nations Elders Support Protection

Thursday, June 7th, 2012

 

Latest Peel Watershed News

Peel Elders Renew Calls for Watershed Protection

“A special gathering to give Peel River watershed elders a chance to talk about the region was held Saturday, May 26,  at a Tr’ondek Hwech’in camp near the Dempster Highway in the Yukon.”

Visit the Yukon News at: www.yukon-news.com

Peel Protestors Shut Down Legislature, May 11

Visit the Yukon News at: www.yukon-news.com

Take Action

For the latest news, action alerts and background information on the campaign to protect the Yukon’s 68,000 km2 Peel Watershed, visit: www.protectpeel.ca Protectpeel is loaded with images, video and the stories behind the conservation campaign. Find out what you need to know, and what you can do, to support Canada’s largest proposed protected area.

 

Wild Rivers of the Yukon’s Peel Watershed: A Traveller’s Guide

… is your complete source for planning a trip to the Yukon’s vast north-eastern wilderness – and learning more about the natural and cultural history of this inspiring landscape. Published in 2008 by Juri Peepre and Sarah Locke, the book is available from Yukon outdoor and bookstores (Mac’s Fireweed), Mountain Equipment Co-op (Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto), and on-line from www.yukonbooks.com.

Wild Rivers is an essential companion to help you navigate the Three Rivers country (the Wind, Snake and Bonnet Plume), as well as the Peel, Hart, Ogilvie, Blackstone and Rat rivers. This well illustrated field reference will be a welcome gift for your friends or family who are thinking about a future northern canoeing or hiking trip.

The book features detailed river descriptions, maps, landscape and historic photos, tips on river travel in the Peel region, and engaging descriptions of the flora, fauna, geology, human history and conservation story. For more information, see About Our Book posted in the right margin.

Contact Us

To order the book directly from the authors, send a cheque or money order payable to Juri Peepre, 1575 Windermere Loop Road, Windermere, BC, V0B 2L2. Price: $24.95 + $1.19 GST + Shipping = $32.00 CDN. For more information, contact jpeepreatyahoodotca, or post your comment or question in this blog.